Introduction Possibilities of Increased Environment Protection Aspects in the Development Process of Armed Forces: Security, Environment Security and Research & Development Perspectives


  • Szilágyi Tibor ezredes



security, environmental security, defence related research development and innovation


The environmental security as a new and increasingly important dimension of security and the holistic approach relating to its handling are informing more and more the security-related thinking and activities of states, international stake holders and non-governmental organisations. It represents a special level of maturity and the increasing responsibility of human society when individuals and their groups of various size, perceiving the effects of the environment and human activities on each other, are eager to act in an organised and coordinated manner for stopping disadvantageous processes and eliminating the damage caused. The effects of environmental security on research, development, and innovation activities are increasing in proportion to the intensity of effects of environment and humans on each other. In case of militaries, those new or increasingly predominating environmental effects which influence the implementation of operations push the defence-related research, development, and innovation capacities of the defence sphere towards procedural, material, and technological reforms. The author’s goal was to explore the relevant relations/connections between the environmental security trends and the contiguous capability development of armies.

Információk a szerzőről

Szilágyi Tibor ezredes

PhD candidate, Military Technical Doctoral School, University of Public Service, Budapest; Senior Mentor General Staff Training Institute Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training, University of Public Service


• 1/2014. (I. 3.) OGY határozat a Nemzeti Fejlesztés 2030 – Országos Fejlesztési és Területfejlesztési Koncepcióról [Parliament Decree no. 1/2014. (I. 3.) on the National Development 2030 – National Development and Regional Deve-lopment Concept].

• 27/2015. (VI. 17.) OGY határozat a 2015–2020 közötti időszakra szóló Nemzeti Környezetvédelmi Programról [Par-liament Decree no. 27/2015. (VI. 17.) on the National Environment Protection Programme for the period of 2015–2020].

• 1163/2020. (IV. 21.) Korm. határozat Magyarország Nemzeti Biztonsági Stratégiájáról [Government Decree no. 1163/2020. (IV. 21.) on the National Security Strategy of Hungary].

• 1393/2021. (VI.24.) Korm. határozat Magyarország Nemzeti Katonai Stratégiájáról [Government Decree no. 1393/2021. (VI. 24.) on the National Military Strategy of Hungary].

• “2020 COE Catalogue”. NATO Allied Command Transformation. December 2020., Accessed on 29 September 2020.

• “A/RES/70/1: Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. United Nations. 2015., Accessed on 24 February 2021.

• Annual Report 2020. Brussels: European Defence Agency, 2021.

• “Brussels Summit Communiqué”. NATO. 14 June 2021., Acces-sed on 21 June 2021.

• Buzan, B. “New Patterns of Global Security in the Twenty-First Century”. International Affairs 67/3. 1991. 431–451. DOI: 10.2307/2621945

• “Climate Change and Defence Roadmap”. European External Action Service. 6 November 2020., Accessed on 24 June 2021.

• Dannreuther, R. Nemzetközi biztonság [International security]. Budapest: Antall József Tudásközpont, 2016.

• Dobos, I., Tátrai T. and Vörösmarty Gy. „Fenntartható beszerzés [Sustainable Procurement]”. Corvinus University of Budapest, Faculty of Economy Science, 2010., Accessed on 8 October 2020.

• Fodor, P. „NATO és energiabiztonság [NATO and Energy Security]”. Hadmérnök IV/3. 2009. 168–179., Accessed on 24 July 2020.

• Halász L. and Földi L. Környezetbiztonság [Environmental security]. Budapest: Nemzeti Közszolgálati Egyetem Had-tudományi és Honvédtiszt Képző Kar, 2014.

• Hay-Edie, D., Archer, C., Abramson, B. and Cramer, B. “The Military’s Impact on the Environment: A Neglected As-pect of the Sustainable Development Debate: a Briefing Paper for States and Non-Governmental Organizations”. Gene-va: International Peace Bureau, 2002., Accessed on 8 October 2020.

• Lippert, T. H. “NATO, Climate Change and International Security: a risk governance approach”. Dissertation presented in October 2016 in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the doctoral degree on public policy analysis. RAND PARDEE Graduate School, 2016. DOI: 10.7249/RGSD387

• Military Green: Energy and environment at the European Defence Agency. Brussels: European Defence Agency, 2012. DOI: 10.2836/13547

• “NATO 2030: United for a New Era: analysis and recommendations of the Reflection Group appointed by the NATO Secretary General”. 25 November 2020., Accessed on 18 January 2021.

• “Protocol (No 10) on the permanent structured cooperation established by the Article 42 of the Treaty of the European Union”. Official Journal 115. 2008. 275–277. EUR-Lex - 12008M/PRO/10 - EN (, Accessed on 24 June 2021.

• “Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future”. United Nations. 1987., Accessed on 24 February 2021.

• “Report on the implementation of the European Security Strategy: Providing Security in a Changing World”. In Euro-pean Security Strategy: a Secure Europe in a Better World. Brussels: Council of the European Union, 2009. 7–26. DOI: 10.2860/1402

• “Science and Technology Trends 2020–2040: Exploring the S&T Edge”. NATO Science and Technology Organisation. March 2020., Accessed on 10 May 2020.

• Seres, Gy. „Fenntartható fejlődés – fenntartható nemzetvédelem [Sustainable Development – Sustainable National Defence]”. Hadmérnök V/4. 2010. 322–339., Accessed on 24 July 2020.

• “Shared Vision, Common Action: A Stronger Europe: A Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy”. June 2016. eugs_review_web.pdf, Accessed on 8 October 2020.

• “State of the Global Climate 2020: Provisional Report”. World Meteorological Organisation. 2020. https://wwf, Accessed on 11 December 2020.

• “Strategic Concept for the Defence and Security of the Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation”. NATO. 2010., Accessed on 11 December 2020.

• “The World Climate and Security Report 2021”. Center for Climate and Security. 2021., Accessed on 24 June 2021.

• Vainio J. „Changing Security Aspects for Future Security Systems: Renewable energy and possible risks at the local, regional and the global levels.” Energy Security: Operational Highlights 12. 2019. 5–10.

• Zsolt, M. „A védelmi szféra zöldítése: nemzetközi kitekintés [Going Green of the Defence Sphere: An International Outlook]”. Felderítő Szemle XVI/3–4. 2017. 188–201.




Hogyan kell idézni

Szilágyi, T. (2022). Introduction Possibilities of Increased Environment Protection Aspects in the Development Process of Armed Forces: Security, Environment Security and Research & Development Perspectives. Honvédségi Szemle – Hungarian Defence Review, 149(1-2.), 47–63.