Of Ends and Means: The Integration of Psychological Operations and Cyber Operations


  • Éva Ambrus




Psychological operations, cyber operations, information operations, terminology


Terminology is a general word for the group of specialized meanings relating to a particular field, encapsulating its meaning and intent. This article focuses on the evolving military terminology regarding psychological operations as technology moves forward. As a non-kinetic type of operation its content is more shifting, thus different terminologies are used, creating ambiguity. Furthermore, different concepts are behind as to what constitutes psychological operations. Words are important in naming the narrative and in this article, I will present a brief overview of this evolution and how it reflects on the present thinking – and it is a reflection of the organization of military forces.

Információk a szerzőről

Éva Ambrus

PhD student at the National University of Public Service, Faculty of Military Science and Officer Training, Doctoral School of Military Engineering


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Hogyan kell idézni

Ambrus, Éva. (2021). Of Ends and Means: The Integration of Psychological Operations and Cyber Operations. Honvédségi Szemle – Hungarian Defence Review, 148(2), 102–111. https://doi.org/10.35926/HDR.2020.2.7

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