• Imre Porkoláb
  • Ferenc Hajdú




leadership, tuatara, unconventional leadership


Since the era dominated by industrial production to the knowledge-based society, the traditional way of choosing leaders has been to change the development of non-traditional leadership skills. In addition to the traditional leadership virtues, taking into account the previously unconventional skills have become extremely important in selecting leaders in a modern army. Future challenges can only be tackled by adaptive organizations in which individuals have to make much more autonomous decisions, to adapt to the ever-changing environment that management needs to take into account and support.  The generals of the future have to form a strategy in a complex environment, they have to learn how to apply a comprehensive approach, when they have to cooperate with different types of professionals and participants in the possession of visionary, operative and bridge building skills – and this is not easy because different roles require different ways
of thinking.

In history, we find examples of such leaders, which in our time are becoming alive, because if organizations are not ready to find rapid answers to the challenges, if their decision-making processes are overwhelmed, no hopeful success is expected. Deeply embedded, centralized command and control in the armed forces is not an appropriate response to extremely complex asymmetric situations, especially when facing critical challenges that require immediate decisions.

Leadership is not the same as power. Non-traditional leaders need to have followers, associates who support their idea and achieve a degree of freedom. A good example of acquiring the necessary learning and adaptation skills in this world
is the convincing example of the success of tuatara, a real living fossil, of evolutionary survival.

Szerző életrajzok

Imre Porkoláb

Colonel Imre Porkoláb, PhD, served as NATO Supreme Allied Commander Transformation’s representative to the Pentagon. His responsibilities included aligning US and NATO ACT efforts with the Joint Staff, DoD in the Pentagon in Washington DC. He was involved in developing an international innovation strategy and as its implementation in establishing a defence innovation ecosystem. Currently, as the Deputy National Armament Director of the Ministry of Defence he is responsible for Defence Innovation Research and Development. 
His research areas are non-traditional leadership theory, change management in V.U.C.A. environment and the innovative methods of organizational transformation.

Ferenc Hajdú

Colonel Ferenc Hajdú, PhD, is the innovation director at the Hungarian Defence Forces, Modernisation Institute. He earned his PhD in military engineering (military technology research and development) at the Doctoral School of Military Engineering of the Zrínyi Miklós National Defence University. Currently he is conducting research in the innovation ecosystem needed for military technology research and development.




Hogyan kell idézni

Porkoláb, I., & Hajdú, F. (2020). Tuatara. Honvédségi Szemle – Hungarian Defence Review, 147(1–2), 13–22. https://doi.org/10.35926/HDR.2019.1-2.1

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